13.08.2022
Diabetes symptom to watch out for – ‘Common complaint’ in people with the condition

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes cause the level of sugar – or glucose – in your blood to become too high. For type 1 patients this happens when your body cannot produce enough of a hormone called insulin, which controls blood glucose. Whereas type 2 diabetes is much more common and the raised blood sugar levels are usually caused by being overweight or not exercising enough.

With both types patients could experience itchy skin.

According to Diabetes.co.uk, it is a “common complaint” usually felt in the skin around the feet, ankles or legs.

It explains: “Itchy skin can be a sign of diabetes, particularly if other diabetes symptoms are also present.

“High blood sugar levels over a prolonged period of time is one cause of itchy skin.

“In some cases, itchy skin may be caused by complications of diabetes such as nerve damage or kidney disease.

“Itching of the feet, legs or ankles is a common complaint in people with diabetes that may occur as a result of a period of too high sugar levels.”

It says the levels of itchiness can range from “annoying to severe”.

The itching can be treated – and potentially “eliminated” if the cause itself is tackled.

Common treatments include:

But Diabetes.co.uk adds: “It is advisable to see your doctor if itching is severe or persistent.

“You should also see your doctor if itching affects your whole body or if other symptoms accompany the itching.”

Other symptoms of diabetes include:

“Normal” blood sugar levels are between 4.0 to 5.4 millimoles per litre (mmol/L) when fasting.

And up to 7.8 mmol/L two hours after eating.

For people with diabetes, blood sugar level targets are four to seven mmol/L before eating.

And they should be under nine mmol/L for people with type 1 diabetes, and under 8.5 mmol/L for people with type 2 diabetes after eating.

There are a variety of factors that can increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, including if you:

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  • 4 часа, 3 минуты назад 28.09.2022Health Care
    The 4 changes in your poo that could be aspirin side effects – check with GP ‘immediately’

    Aspirin is a popular painkiller used for everyday aches and pains such as headaches and toothache. It is also an anti-inflammatory and can help treat fevers, colds and flu-like symptoms. However, it can bring with it some side effects that you might need medical attention for.

    The Mayo Clinic warns that some people might experience diarrhoea, constipation, “black, tarry” stools or “light-coloured” stools as a result of taking aspirin.

    If this is the case it urges you to “check with your doctor immediately”.

    The clinic explains: “Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention.

    “These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine.

    “Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.”

    Other side effects you could notice on the toilet include:

    There are a number of caveats to consider when it comes to taking aspirin.

    The NHS says: “It’s best to take aspirin with food.

    “That way, you’ll be less likely to get an upset stomach or stomach ache.

    “Never give aspirin to children under the age of 16 (unless their doctor prescribes it).

    “It can make children more likely to develop a very rare but serious condition called Reye’s syndrome.”

    Aspirin can cause ulcers in your stomach or gut, especially if taken frequently or in large doses.

    Therefore, people who already have stomach ulcers or have had one in the past might be advised against taking it.

    “If you’re at risk of getting a stomach ulcer and you need a painkiller, take paracetamol instead of aspirin as it’s more gentle on your stomach,” the NHS advises.

    Aspirin is usually taken in the form of 300 milligram tablets.

    The normal dose is one or two tablets, to be taken every four to six hours.

    It is important you do not take more than 12 tablets over a 24-hour period.

    You must wait at least four hours between doses.

    Some other side effects of aspirin as listed by the Mayo Clinic are:

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  • 4 часа, 3 минуты назад 28.09.2022Health Care
    Study shows feeling unhappy or lonely ages you more than smoking – ‘should not be ignored’

    When thinking about what it takes to live a long and healthy life most of us will immediately consider ways to keep our bodies in good working order. This will involve eating healthily, getting plenty of exercise, not drinking too much alcohol and not smoking, for example. However, a new study has shown we should also be considering our mental and social status for longevity.

    The paper, published in the Ageing-US journal, revealed that psychological factors, such as feeling unhappy or being lonely, could age a person by 1.65 years.

    This could also raise their risk for Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, heart disease, and other illnesses, according to the findings.

    It says: “The aggregate effect (psychological factors) exceeds the effects of biological sex, living area, marital status, and smoking status.

    “We conclude that the psychological component should not be ignored in ageing studies due to its significant impact on biological age.”

    As part of the study, which was conducted by academics in China, Hong Kong and the US, the team analysed blood and biometric data from up to 12,000 Chinese adults using the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) dataset.

    The report showed how people with a history of stroke, liver and lung diseases, smoking, as well as those in a vulnerable mental state aged at a quicker pace.

    They discovered that being lonely, having restless sleep, or feeling unhappy were significant when it came to the rate of ageing.

    Actually it noted that feeling hopeless, unhappy, and lonely raised a patient’s biological age more than smoking.

    “All factors included in the analysis (except for being widowed) showed significant effects on the pace of ageing,” it says.

    “The three largest effects on the ageing rate belonged to the following binary factors: smoking (+1.25 years), being currently married (−0.59 years), and suffering from restless sleep (+0.44 years).

    “However, if the eight psychological variables are considered as a scale representing psychological well-being, being on its lower end has an effect of accelerating ageing by 1.65years.”

    Being single and living in a rural area, also have an effect on ageing.

    “Additionally, people living in rural areas are predicted to be 0.4 years older than those living in urban areas,” the paper says.

    “The adverse effect of rural living has been recently shown in a study of multi-morbidity in China and has been attributed to ‘lower socio-economic status, poorer social services, and lower access to quality medical services’.

    “Malnutrition and physical labour are proposed as the key contributors to the increased prevalence of certain conditions, such as osteoporosis and arthritis.”

    The team stressed the importance of mental health going forward.

    “Altogether, we have demonstrated that the pace of ageing is significantly associated with psychological features,” the paper concludes.

    “The observed contribution of one’s mental state to one’s biological age is significant and is comparable to the effect of smoking.

    “Thus, promoting mental health may be considered a potential anti-ageing intervention with possible benefits at par with more tangible, physical therapeutic approaches.”

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  • 4 часа, 3 минуты назад 28.09.2022Health Care
    Thirty minutes of sunlight two to three days a week can increase testosterone levels

    Testosterone is a vital hormone for men. It helps regulate sex drive, how fat is distributed, the creation of red blood cells, and much more. Luckily, you don’t need to rely on supplements to improve your levels, new research suggests. Instead, you could go outside and get some sunlight for a while.

    Walking around outside for merely 20 to 30 minutes a day could increase levels of the hormone.

    A study, published in the journal Cell Reports, observed that men who were exposed to the sun for 20 to 30 minutes, two to three times a week had higher levels of testosterone.

    The men were outdoors as part of normal outdoor activities like reading, walking, gardening and more.

    Professor Andrew Huberman explained that skin has a vital role in converting ultraviolet B in sunlight into the hormone.

    On Instagram, he wrote: “It appears the skin is acting as a hormone-promoting organ to exert these effects.”

    Skin cells, he explained, contain a specific protein called the p53 gene which activates the pituitary gland and hypothalamus when exposed to sunlight.

    He added: “That in turn, causes increases in LH/FSH [luteinizing hormone/follicle stimulating hormone] that trigger testosterone, estradiol and progesterone.”

    Vitamin D in sunlight is also linked to increases in testosterone.

    Vitamin D is thought to help convert total testosterone into free testosterone, which is readily available to be used by your body.

    Since sunlight can be scarce in the UK, there are other ways to get testosterone.

    The food Ashwagandha, a staple in Indian cuisine, has shown compelling improvements.

    One study of men between the ages of 40 to 70 found significant improvements in those that consumed it.

    Participants given Ashwagandha as a supplement experienced an increase of roughly 15 percent.

    These people also experienced an 18 percent increase in a hormone called DHEA, which helps to produce testosterone.

    Other foods that have been shown to improve testosterone levels include onions, fatty fish, leafy green vegetables, reported MedicalNewsToday.

    According to Urology Health, the symptoms of low testosterone include reduced sex drive, loss of body hair and less beard growth.

    Belly fat and feeling fatigued all the time may also be symptoms.

    If you have symptoms associated with low testosterone, you may be able to get a testosterone test with the NHS.

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  • 6 часов, 4 минуты назад 27.09.2022Health Care
    Woman with extremely rare brain disease ‘stuck in one room for two years’

    A woman with an extremely rare brain disease has shared her despair after being “stuck” in one room for two years.

    Daisy Simpson lives with Moyamoya disease, which causes arteries in her brain to close off.

    The 34-year-old Brentwood resident was first diagnosed with the rare condition – said to affect one in a million people – in June 2021, and is now reliant on carers to live.

    The disease causes Daisy to have multiple transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) – resembling mini strokes – every month. Speaking to EssexLive, Daisy revealed that she also has reduced vision, uncontrolled body movements, memory issues and difficulties walking. Her only option for preventing the disease from taking her life is surgery on her brain, though this would not be a guaranteed fix.

    Since March this year, Daisy has been under the care of the Mid and South Essex Integrated Care System but she claims the flat she lives in is not suitable for her needs.

    She says she also needs a wheelchair which would be able to fit through the doorways of her flat – as her current one cannot get through from her main room into the hallway, or bathroom, meaning her carers have to lift and support her from room to room.

    Daisy said: “The strokes are caused by starvation of oxygen to the brain. It’s been very sudden really, I had no neurological issues before summer 2020. I had breathing issues; I would often get sick but I would always get better. Now they think the operation is a 50/50 chance on the table. They don’t know how beneficial it will be.

    “I would like my care to be as supportive as possible. If there were two things the services could do, it would be a bed and a wheelchair. I just feel upset because so much of this is not my fault, it’s just been rough.

    “The care situation is awful; they can’t get the wheelchair in and out of the door so I’ve been stuck in the same room for 24 months. Everything is made harder by the fact that I am in an environment that’s not suited for care.

    “I’ve been stuck in the same room with deteriorating health and all I do is go to hospital appointments. But to physically get out of the flats is almost impossible.”

    Daisy has looked at numerous options for a suitable wheelchair and a bed for her flat, and has also attempted to pursue new places to live.

    In her complaint about the lack of suitable wheelchair to the medical partnership, she says her carers are having to lift her 20 stone body in and out of the chair, putting them and her at risk.

    She believes she could die prematurely due to a lack of suitable care and that she is being put at unecessary risk despite”begging” for help.

    Daisy added: “It’s been awful but I am not one to give up easily, but I know my body is giving up. I will be trying to fight it on my death bed. It’s not something I’m doing by choice but it’s necessary.

    “If I don’t have the operation, I probably have less than five years. There’s so many little things that could be done to improve the quality of life. It’s just become words and it feels like I have been removed from this as a person.”

    The Mid and South Essex Integrated Care Partnership were approached for comment on Daisy’s care, but as spokesman said it did not comment on individual cases. However, it confirmed it had received her complaints and would respond directly to her.

    Daisy’s friends have launched a GoFundMe page to try and raise money for her ongoing care and improve her quality of life, which has raised nearly £300 so far.

    To donate, click here.

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  • 6 часов, 4 минуты назад 27.09.2022Health Care
    ‘High fibre’ carbohydrates can lower risk of type 2 diabetes – carbs to avoid

    There are two forms of diabetes – type 1 and type 2. It is still not yet known what exactly causes type 1 diabetes, while type 2 is usually linked to being overweight, inactive or a family history. Type 2 is far more common – affecting 3.8 million people in the UK.

    Both types of diabetes result in the level of glucose (sugar) in your blood becoming too high.

    For type 1 patients this happens when your body cannot produce enough of a hormone called insulin, which controls blood glucose.

    While the raised blood sugar levels in type 2 patients are often caused by being overweight or not exercising enough.

    Therefore, diet is hugely important to those either with or at risk of type 2 diabetes.

    According to Diabetes UK, certain carbohydrates can raise your chances of having the condition.

    It says: “Eating white bread, white rice and sugary breakfast cereals known as refined carbs are linked with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.”

    Refined carbohydrates are found in both refined grains and refined sugars.

    Examples of refined grains include white bread and tortillas, bagels, waffles and pastries, white rice and pizza.

    And refined sugars include flavoured yoghurts, cakes, fizzy drinks, fruit juice, and smoothies, pasta sauce and condiments.

    However, high fibre carbohydrates can have the opposite effect.

    Diabetes UK says: “Wholegrains such as brown rice, wholewheat pasta, wholemeal flour, wholegrain bread and oats are linked to a reduced risk so choose these instead.

    “When you’re out shopping remember to check food labels to see if a food is high fibre.

    “Compare different foods to find the ones with the most fibre in them.”

    It adds: “Having more fibre is also associated with lower risk of other serious conditions such as obesity, heart diseases and certain types of cancers.

    “It’s also important to think about your carbohydrate portion sizes.”

    Other healthy sources of carbohydrates include:

    There are some factors outside of your control that can also increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes including if you:

    Common symptoms of both types of diabetes can include:

    The NHS advises seeing your GP if you experience any of these signs.

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  • 6 часов, 4 минуты назад 27.09.2022Health Care
    Arthritis: Four ‘potent’ anti-inflammatory breakfast options that may protect your joints

    The diet you eat is one factor of many that is easy to change but can yield massive improvements in your arthritis symptoms. Mixing up your breakfast to include more anti-inflammatory foods may be enough to see significant improvements, which is supported by research.

    Many typical breakfasts consisting of various kinds of cereal or toast may be making your condition worse, suggested the expert Doctor Cohen, medical director of Integrative Rheumatology Associates in the US.

    She explained that most typical breakfasts, which tend to be carbohydrate-heavy, are problematic meal choices.

    Carbohydrates “break down very quickly in the body into sugary components, and sugar is inflammatory,” she told Everyday Health.

    Inflammation in people with arthritis is responsible for many of its symptoms.

    According to the Arthritis Foundation, inflammation “attacks joints and can cause joint swelling, increased joint fluid, cartilage and bone damage, and muscle loss”.

    There are other breakfast options that are less dependent on carbohydrates.

    Meals like Greek yogurt with fruit contain natural anti-inflammatories that can be good for managing arthritis symptoms.

    In a study published in the British Journal of Nutrition, women who ate low-fat yogurt daily for nine weeks had fewer signs of inflammation in comparison to women who didn’t.

    Fruit is also well-known to contain lots of antioxidants, which can reduce inflammation.

    According to Harvard University, stone fruits, apples, grapes, and citrus fruits are all “particularly potent in antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity”.

    Watermelon and strawberries have also been shown to reduce the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (CRP).

    According to the Arthritis Foundation watermelon is “great for hydration and weight management” – both of which are beneficial for arthritis.

    Although Doctor Declan warned of breakfasts containing lots of carbohydrates, there are some exceptions.

    The arthritis foundation also recognises that foods dense in wholegrains, including oats and wholegrain have been shown to slash CRP level

    If you can mix avocado into your breakfast, perhaps with gluten-free toast, this could be beneficial too.

    Avocados contain lots of monounsaturated fats, which are known to protect joints from inflammation.

    Another study from 2018 showed that rheumatoid arthritis sufferers who consumed more monounsaturated fats felt better than those that ate less.

    Protein is said to be vital to help improve muscle mass and function – which is important for strengthening your joints.

    You could get your protein from fruit or a protein smoothie. If you include nuts, this could help too. Nuts are another good source of anti-inflammatory fats.

    One study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that eating nuts was associated with lower levels of inflammation biomarkers.

    One expert dietician called Amy Shapiro told Eat This, Not That! to “focus on protein including eggs, Greek yogurt, protein smoothies with fresh fruit, and berries”.

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Health Care Diabetes symptom to watch out for - 'Common complaint' in people with the condition